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Esophageal and anorectal involvement in systemic sclerosis: a systematic assessment with high resolution manometry

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

  1. Department of Gastroenterology, Instruction Hospital of French Army Laveran, Marseille, France. laure.luciano@hotmail.fr
  2. Internal Medicine Department, CHU Nord, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), Aix-Marseille University; and Vascular Research Center of Marseille, INSERM UMRS-1076, Aix-Marseille University, France.
  3. Internal Medicine Department, CHU La Timone, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), Aix-Marseille University, France.
  4. Internal Medicine Department, CHU La Timone, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), Aix-Marseille University, France.
  5. Aix-Marseille University, School of Medicine, France.
  6. Department of Gastroenterology, CHU Nord Aix-Marseille University, Plateforme d’Interface Clinique CRN2M UMR 7286, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
  7. Department of Gastroenterology, CHU Nord Aix-Marseille University, Plateforme d’Interface Clinique CRN2M UMR 7286, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
  8. Department of Gastroenterology, CHU Nord Aix-Marseille University, Plateforme d’Interface Clinique CRN2M UMR 7286, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

CER9103 Submission on line
2016 Vol.34, N°5 ,Suppl.100 - PI 0063, PF 0069
Clinical aspects

Rheumatology Article

 

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
In systemic sclerosis (SSc), esophageal and anorectal involvements are frequent and often associated with each other. In clinical practice, esophageal explorations are often prescribed, while anorectal explorations are rarely proposed and therefore, under-recognised. However, it is well documented in the literature that early detection of anorectal dysfunction could delay and/or prevent the onset of symptoms such as fecal incontinence (FI). The main objective was the systematic evaluation and detection of esophageal and anorectal involvements in SSc patients.
METHODS:
In this monocentric retrospective study, all patients with SSc addressed in the Department of Functional Digestive Explorations, North Hospital, Marseille for esophageal and anorectal explorations were included. Self-Questionnaires, evaluating the symptoms and quality of life, were filled by patients during their visit. Explorations were performed on the same day: high resolution esophageal manometry (EHRM), 3 Dimensional high resolution anorectal manometry (3DHRARM) and endo anal sonography (EUS).
RESULTS:
44 patients (41 women), mean age 59.8±12 years, were included. With regard to the symptoms, 45.5% of patients had gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), 66.9% dysphagia, 65.9% constipation and 77.3% FI. The incidence of esophageal dismotility was 65.9%, anorectal and both upper and lower dysfunction were 43.2%. More than 89% patients with abnormal explorations (EHRM, 3DHRARM or both) were symptomatic. Duration of SSc and altered quality of life was correlated with the severity of digestive involvement.
CONCLUSIONS:
Anorectal dysfunction appears to be closely linked to esophageal involvement in SSc. Their routine screening is undoubtedly essential to limit the occurrence of severe symptoms such as FI.

PMID: 27243115 [PubMed]

Received: 07/11/2015 - Accepted : 09/03/2016 - In Press: 24/05/2016 - Published: 13/10/2016