Y. Araki1, Y. Aizaki2, K. Sato3, H. Oda4, R. Kurokawa5, T. Mimura6
Aberrant histone lysine methylation (HKM) has been reported in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts (SFs). As histone lysine methyltransferases (HKMTs) and demethylases (HKDMs) regulate HKM, these enzymes are believed to be dysregulated in RASFs. The aim of this study is to clarify whether gene expressions of HKMTs and HKDMs are altered in RASFs.
SFs were isolated from synovial tissues obtained from RA or osteoarthritis (OA) patients during total knee joint replacement. The mRNA levels of 34 HKMTs and 22 HKDMs were examined after stimulation with tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in RASFs and OASFs.
The gene expression of the 12 HKMTs, including MLL1, MLL3, SUV39H1, SUV39H2, PRDM2, EZH2, SETD2, NSD2, NSD3, SMYD4, DOT1, and PR-set7, that catalyse the methylation of H3K4, H3K9, H3K27, H3K36, H3K79, or H4K20 was higher after TNFα stimulation in RASFs vs. OASFs. The gene expression of the 4 HKDMs, including FBXL10, NO66, JMJD2D, and FBXL11, that catalyse the methylation of H3K4, H3K9, or H3K36 was higher after TNFα stimulation in RASFs vs. OASFs.
The study findings suggest that the HKM-modifying enzymes are involved in the alteration of HKM, which results in changes in the gene expression of RASFs.
PMID: 29465369 [PubMed]
Received: 01/10/2016 - Accepted : 27/11/2017 - In Press: 31/01/2018