C. Acebes1, J. Andreu2, A. Balsa3, E. Batlle4, J. de Toro-Santos5, F. García Llorente6, M. Hernández7, B. Fernández-Gutiérrez8, C. Hidalgo-Calleja9, L. Mayordomo10, E. Naredo11, F. Narváez12, A. Ortiz13, J. Pablos14, T. Pérez-Sandoval15, C. Rodríguez-Lozano16, O. Sánchez-Pernaute17, J. Usón18, J. Negrón19, E. Loza20, L. Carmona21, S. Gómez Castro22, M. Montoro Alvarez23
2017 Vol.35, N°5 - PI 0816, PF 0822
To explore the remission concept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to compare remission definitions and related concepts between rheumatologists and patients with the purpose of identifying similarities and disparities to comprehend the different perspectives of the disease.
This was a qualitative study of discourse and content analysis through focus groups, conducted from February to March 2016. Four focus groups were set up, each one with different interests: rheumatologists involved in basic research (BR), rheumatologists with high specialisation in imaging techniques (IR), clinical rheumatologists (CR), and patients (PA).
There is no consensus in a remission definition in RA; differences exist between-groups, rheumatologists and patients value remission differently, and there are discrepancies within the group of rheumatologists. Rheumatologists highlight quantifiable objective parameters, in contrast, patients did not consider objective measures as the best instruments, and they prefer subjective measures of remission. The data confirmed the existence of two sources of knowledge of the disease, technical (physicians) and experiential (patients). These sources of knowledge should concur in order to establish new remission criteria well-adjusted to reality.
The lack of consensus between key groups implicated in defining remission and remission criteria suggests a new strategy for its operational definition. Our group proposes that subjects with a balance between experiential and technical knowledge, should be the ones in charge of this assignment.
PMID: 28516881 [PubMed]
Received: 11/12/2016 - Accepted : 06/02/2017 - In Press: 08/05/2017 - Published: 15/09/2017