S. Huang1, G. Liu2, J. Li3, J. Xu4, D. Xu5, W. Zhang6, J. Huang7
It is not clear whether TREM-2 (the “triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2”) is expressed in fibroblast-like synovial cells (FLSs). In this study, we aimed to determine the expression of TREM-2 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-FLSs and explore whether and how TREM-2 modulates the function of RA-FLSs.
Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of TREM-2 in RA-FLSs, siRNA and lentivirus were used to down-regulate and up-regulate the expression of TREM-2 in RA-FLSs. Then mRNA expression of IL-1β, IL-6, and MMP-13 was determined by RT-qPCR. Protein secretion of IL-1β, IL-6, and MMP-13 in the supernatant was determined by ELISA assay; expression of cell signal transduction molecules was determined by western blot.
A: Relative to OA-FLSs, mRNA and protein expression levels of TREM-2 in RA-FLSs are significantly elevated. TREM-2 protein is mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of RA-FLSs; B: In RA, the expression of TREM-2 was reduced at first and then up-regulated after stimulation by TNF-α. TREM-2 also inhibited the activation of TNF-α induced of inflammation in RA-FLSs by the p38 pathway, which regulates the production of cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases.
TREM-2 expressed in RA-FLSs and TNF-α mediated reduction of inflammatory reactions. These phenomena indicated that TREM-2 may be a potential target in the treatment of RA.
PMID: 28869414 [PubMed]
Received: 22/02/2017 - Accepted : 29/05/2017 - In Press: 31/08/2017