E. Toledano1, A. Ortiz2, J. Ivorra-Cortes3, N. Montes4, A. Beltran5, L. Rodríguez-Rodriguez6, L. Carmona7, I. González-Álvaro8
To analyse changes over time in the treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological therapies prescribed to patients from an early arthritis register and whether these changes had an impact on their outcome.
This was a longitudinal retrospective 2-year study based on data collected in the PEARL study. The population was clustered in three groups depending on year of symptoms onset (2000-2004, 2005-2009, 2010-2014). Intensity of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug treatment was calculated and the percentage of patients receiving biological therapy during the first 2-year follow-up was collected. Disease activity and remission at the end of follow-up, as well as radiological progression were the outcomes analysed. Multivariable analyses were fitted to determine which variables including the three period times were associated with the outcomes.
A significant increase in treatment intensity was observed in patients with undifferentiated arthritis, getting closer to that prescribed to patients fulfilling the 1987 RA criteria at the last period studied (2010-2014). This finding was associated with a significantly higher percentage of patients in remission and lower progression of the erosion component of the Sharp van der Heijde score.
During the last 15 years, the treatment of patients with early arthritis in our hospital has been progressively increased and it has been associated with significantly better outcomes.
PMID: 29185958 [PubMed]
Received: 12/05/2017 - Accepted : 01/08/2017 - In Press: 28/11/2017