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Exacerbation of Behçet's syndrome and familial Mediterranean fever with menstruation

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

  1. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  2. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  3. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  4. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  5. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  6. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  7. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey.
  8. Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Turkey. eseyahi@yahoo.com

CER10689 Submission on line
2017 Vol.35, N°6 ,Suppl.108 - PI 0095, PF 0099
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Rheumatology Article

 

Abstract

OBECTIVES: Menstruation triggers several conditions such as migraine, recurrent aphthous stomatitis and acne vulgaris in healthy individuals. There is evidence that Behçet’s syndrome (BS) and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) may exacerbate during menstruation. The aim is to assess whether BS and FMF patients experience menstrual flares.
METHODS:
Females of reproductive age with BS and FMF seen consecutively at the outpatient clinic of Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty at Istanbul, as well as apparently healthy hospital workers were studied using a standardised questionnaire. BS patients were asked whether they experienced increased skin-mucosa lesions during the menstrual period. A similar questionnaire assessing this time the frequency of abdominal pain, chest pain and fever attacks was given to the patients with FMF. The healthy controls received both questionnaires.
RESULTS:
A total of 200 BS patients, 240 FMF patients and 250 healthy controls were studied. The most commonly reported symptom among both BS patients (51%) and healthy controls (62%) was the acneiform lesion. At least 79% patients with FMF reported attacks with menstruation, notably abdominal pain which, majority thought, could be differentiated from dysmenorrhea. Additionally, 76% of healthy controls reported having abdominal pain consistent most probably with dysmenorrhea.
CONCLUSIONS:
This survey showed that, in 68% of the patients with BS at least one skin mucosa lesion was exacerbated with menstruation, this was most commonly acneiform lesion. Menstruation had a slightly stronger effect on FMF, triggering at least one symptom in 79%. The main limitation of the study was the self-reported assessment methodology.

PMID: 29148415 [PubMed]

Received: 16/07/2017 - Accepted : 04/10/2017 - In Press: 24/10/2017 - Published: 27/11/2017