M. Runowska1, D. Majewski2, K. Niklas3, M. Puszczewicz4
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne alphavirus, transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. It is responsible for a febrile illness, typically accompanied by maculopapular rash and severe, incapacitating arthralgia. The disease, although generally self-limiting, frequently evolves into a long-lasting, debilitating rheumatic disorder, which shares many clinical features with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The underlying mechanism by which CHIKV induces persistent arthritis remains under investigation, however, currently, attention is drawn to the fact, that chronic chikungunya (CHIK) and RA have many common cellular and cytokine pathways involved in their pathogenesis. Over the past decades, the virus has dispersed unexpectedly from tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia, affecting millions of people worldwide. No licensed vaccine, nor antiviral drug against CHIKV is yet available. Treatment of acute CHIK is symptomatic, whereas in chronic stages, different disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) have been used with variable success. Hence, chronic CHIK is an emerging rheumatic condition that rheumatologists have to deal with. This review provides brief insights into the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and management of Chikungunya disease, with special regard to post-chikungunya rheumatic disorder and its relationship with RA.
PMID: 29533749 [PubMed]
Received: 07/11/2017 - Accepted : 29/01/2018 - In Press: 02/03/2018