C. Auzary, D. Le Thi Huong, X. Delarbre, A. Sbai, F. Lhote, T. Papo, B. Wechsler, P. Cacoub, C. Martin-Hunyadi, J.-C. Piette
Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Moulins-Yzeure, Moulins, France
2006 Vol.24, N°2 ,Suppl.41 - PI 0038, PF 0040
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To report on several patients with subacute bacterial endocarditis who were initially presumed, incorrectly, to have polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis.
We report 3 cases of subacute streptococcal endocarditis mimicking giant cell arteritis in 2 cases and polymyalgia rheumatica in one. We reviewed the literature through Medline search of French and English-language articles published between 1966 and 2005 and found 5 similar cases.
Shoulder and/or pelvic girdle pain was associated with neck or back pain in all patients. Scalp tenderness, bilateral jaw pain, amaurosis fugax were present in 2 patients. One patient had no fever. Two patients were treated with corticosteroids with initial good clinical response in one. Appropriate antibiotic therapy resulted in the rapid disappearance of rheumatic complaints in 2 patients and achieved a definitive cure of endocarditis in all cases.
Rheumatologic symptoms may hinder the correct diagnosis of infective endocarditis in patients who present with a clinical picture suggesting polymyalgia rheumatica or giant cell arteritis. In such cases, blood cultures should be systematically drawn.
PMID: 16859595 [PubMed]