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Preoperative immunosuppressive therapy reduces paravalvular leakage after aortic valve surgery in patients with aortic regurgitation attributable to Behçet's disease

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

  1. Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
  2. Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. tianzhuangcn@sina.com
  3. Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
  4. Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
  5. Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
  6. Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

CER8263 Submission on line
2016 Vol.34, N°6 ,Suppl.102 - PI 0026, PF 0033
Full Papers

Rheumatology Article

 

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Severe aortic regurgitation (AR) attributable to Behçet’s disease (BD) is a rare but challenging problem in light of the surgical treatment notoriously complicated with paravalvular leakage (PVL) and high mortality. This study aims to test whether immunosuppressive therapy is effective in reducing the complication of the operation and improve the prognosis.
METHODS:
In a retrospective cohort of 644 hospitalised BD patients who were diagnosed and followed up between January 1998 and September 2014, 18 patients (2.8%) with severe AR due to BD were identified and their medical records were analysed.
RESULTS:
Among the 18 patients, 15 patients underwent the valve surgery and PVL developed in 7 (47%) at a median interval of 3.5 months. In the median follow-up of 32.5 months from first operations, patients with PVL had a significantly higher incidence of repeat surgery and death (71% vs. 0%, p=0.007). They less likely received preoperative immunotherapy (14% vs. 100%, p=0.001), had a lower cumulative dosage of cyclophosphamide before first operations (2.1±5.7g vs. 13.0±6.4g, p=0.004) and a higher preoperative erythrocyte sedimentation rate (44.4±20.7mm/first hour vs. 25.0±12.1mm/first hour, p=0.04) compared with those without developing PVL. Multivariate analysis showed preoperative immuno-suppressive therapy (hazard ratio 18.58; 95% confidence interval, 2.134–161.81; p=0.008) was an independent factor associated with the absence of PVL. The 5-year PVL-free survival rates were significantly higher in patients receiving preoperative immunotherapy (p=0.0004).
CONCLUSIONS:
In patients with severe AR due to BD, preoperative immunosuppressive therapy, especially cyclophosphamide in conjunction with glucocorticoid, could reduce PVL after the corrective surgery and improve the outcomes.

PMID: 26005767 [PubMed]

Received: 06/01/2015 - Accepted : 20/02/2015 - In Press: 25/05/2015 - Published: 25/10/2016