23 April 2014
 

Efficient boosting of the antiviral T cell response in B cell-depleted patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases following influenza vaccination

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Rheumatology ArticleR. Müller, R. Maier, K. Hoschler, M. Zambon, B. Ludewig, M. Herrmann, H. Schulze-Koops, J. von Kempis

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland. ruediger.mueller@kssg.ch

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Booster vaccination against 2009 H1N1 influenza virus was recommended for rheumatologic patients under immunosuppressive therapy during the 2009/2010 H1N1 pandemic. In this study we assessed whether B cell depletion with Rituximab influences of the antiviral immune response in 2009 H1N1 influenza virus-vaccinated patients.
METHODS:
Influenza virus-specific immune responses were analysed after the first and a booster vaccination with PandemrixTM in sixteen consecutive Rituximab-treated patients with different rheumatic autoimmune disorders. Antibody titers were determined by a haemagglutination-inhibition assay and virus-specific T cell responses were evaluated by a flow cytometry-based intracellular cytokine-secretion assay. Patients showing clinical symptoms of influenza infection were excluded from this study.
RESULTS:
Two out of seven patients with low (<10%) and four out of nine with normal (>10%) B cells developed significant antibody responses after the first vaccination. Booster vaccination led to an antibody response in one additional patient. After the first vaccination, virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses were significantly lower in patients with low B cells than in those with normal B cells. Of importance, the booster vaccination stimulated the antiviral T cell response only in patients with low B cells.
CONCLUSIONS:
In the absence of a significant effect of booster vaccinations against 2009 H1N1 influenza virus on the humoral immune response in B cell-depleted patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases, enhanced antiviral T cell responses in patients with low B cells indicate that T cells, maybe, compensate for the impaired humoral immunity in these patients.

PMID: 23806224 [PubMed]

Received: 03/01/2013 - Accepted : 08/03/2013 - In Press: 14/06/2013 - Published: 19/09/2013

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