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Anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha response associated with combined CD226 and HLA-DRB1*0404 haplotype in rheumatoid arthritis


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

 

  1. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK. d.gibson@ulster.ac.uk
  2. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, and Almac Diagnostics Ltd., Craigavon, UK.
  3. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.
  4. Institute for Health Sciences, Queens University Belfast, UK.
  5. Department of Rheumatology, Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, UK.
  6. Department of Rheumatology, Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, UK.
  7. Department of Rheumatology, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.
  8. Department of Rheumatology, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.
  9. Institute for Health Sciences, Queens University Belfast, UK.
  10. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.
  11. Randox Laboratories Ltd., Crumlin, UK.
  12. Randox Laboratories Ltd., Crumlin, UK.
  13. Randox Laboratories Ltd., Crumlin, UK.
  14. Randox Laboratories Ltd., Crumlin, UK.
  15. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.
  16. Northern Ireland Centre for Stratified Medicine, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Altnagelvin Hospital, Londonderry, UK.

CER13181
2021 Vol.39, N°2
PI 0385, PF 0392
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PMID: 33427622 [PubMed]

Received: 06/02/2020
Accepted : 04/05/2020
In Press: 08/01/2021
Published: 09/04/2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Predicting response to anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) drugs at baseline remains an elusive goal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management. The purpose of this study was to determine if baseline genetic variants of PTPRC, AFF3, myD228, CHUK, MTHFR1, MTHFR2, CD226 and a number of KIR and HLA alleles could predict response to anti-TNF-α in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
METHODS:
Peripheral blood samples were collected from 238 RA patients treated with anti-TNFα drugs. Genotyping was performed using biochip array technology by Randox Laboratories Ltd. and sequence specific polymerase chain reaction. Linear regression analysis was performed to investigate the role of these genotypes in predicting response to treatment, as defined by European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response classification and absolute change in disease activity score (DAS28).
RESULTS:
Of 238 RA patients analysed, 50.4% received adalimumab, 29.7% received etanercept, 14.8% received infliximab, 3.4% certoluzimab and 1.7% golimumab. The MTHFR1 variant rs1801133 was significantly associated with the EULAR response, p=0.044. Patients with the HLA-DRB1*0404 allele displayed a significantly larger reduction in DAS28 compared to non-carriers (mean -2.22, -1.67 respectively, p=0.033). CD226 rs763361 was the only SNP variant significantly associated with ΔDAS28 (p=0.029).
CONCLUSIONS:
This study has investigated individual allele associations with reductions in DAS28 across a range of anti-TNFα treatments. A combined predictive model indicates that patients with the HLA-DRB1*0404 allele and without the CD226 rs763361 polymorphism exhibit the largest reduction in DAS28 after anti-TNF-α treatment.

Rheumatology Article

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