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Relationship between common carotid distensibility/aortic stiffness and cardiac left ventricular morphology and function in a group of patients affected by chronic rheumatic diseases: an observational study


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

 

  1. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  2. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  3. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy. cattazzo.f@gmail.com
  4. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  5. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  6. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  7. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  8. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  9. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  10. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  11. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  12. Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.
  13. Department of Medicine, General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, University of Verona & Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona, Italy.

CER13185
2021 Vol.39, N°2
PI 0344, PF 0350
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PMID: 32896250 [PubMed]

Received: 06/02/2020
Accepted : 20/04/2020
In Press: 03/09/2020
Published: 09/04/2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIAs), including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are characterised by high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, partly due to endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness of the carotid artery and aorta. The aim of the present study is to determine whether ultrasonography measures of carotid and aortic stiffness are correlated with left ventricular mass and function in patients affected by CIAs.
METHODS:
In this cross-sectional study, we consecutively enrolled outpatients diagnosed with CIAs with no overt CVD. For each participant we assessed disease characteristics, CVD risk factors, medications, including disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), blood pressure, lipids and glucose levels. Carotid ultrasonography was performed in all patients using carotid distensibility (CD) and aortic stiffness index (AoSI) as measures of arterial stiffness. Participants underwent the same day a full echocardiographic study including assessment of left ventricular function and mass (LVM).
RESULTS:
The study population comprised 208 CIAs patients (mean age 57.4±11.4 y; females 63.9%), including 137 (65.9%) RA, 42 (20.2%) PsA and 29 (13.9%) AS patients. In multiple regression analysis, CD correlated with age (β=-0.198, p<0.0001), mean arterial pressure (β=-0.281, p<0.0001) and treatment with DMARDs (β=-1.976, p=0.021), while AoSI was not associated with any anthropometric, haemodynamic or clinical covariates. CD was inversely related to LVM (r=-0.20, p=0.005), whereas AoSI was directly correlated with diastolic function of the left ventricle (E/E’; r=0.191, p=0.007).
CONCLUSIONS:
Our results underline the strict correlation between arterial stiffness and left ventricular mass and function in patients with CIAs.

Rheumatology Article