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Resistin induces chemokine and matrix metalloproteinase production via CAP1 receptor and activation of p38-MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways in human chondrocytes


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

 

  1. Department of Sports Medicine, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  2. Department of Pathology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  3. Department of Ultrasound, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  4. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  5. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  6. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.
  7. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China. qixindoc@163.com

CER14093
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PMID: 33886462 [PubMed]

Received: 07/10/2020
Accepted : 22/02/2021
In Press: 14/04/2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Adipokine resistin is highly expressed in the serum and synovial uid (SF) of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) but its pathogenic role in KOA remains unclear. We aimed to explore the mechanism of resistin/CAP1 in human KOA chondrocytes.
METHODS:
We enrolled 103 patients with radiographic KOA and 86 healthy participants as controls. Resistin levels in serum and SF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CAP1 expression was measured in cartilage tissues using immunohistochemistry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and western blot. Effects of resistin on chondrocytes and CAP1 were evaluated via qRT-PCR and co-immunoprecipitation. The roles of CAP1, p38-MAPK, and NF-κB signalling pathways in KOA development were evaluated using adenovirus-mediated CAP1 short hairpin RNA, qRT-PCR, western blot, and ELISA.
RESULTS:
Resistin expression in serum and SF was elevated in severe radiographic KOA. CAP1 levels were higher in KOA cartilage and were positively correlated with resistin expression. Resistin promoted CCL3, CCL4, MMP13, and ADAMTS-4 expression through the CAP1 receptor. Resistin also directly bound to CAP1, as confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation. CAP1 knockdown in chondrocytes attenuated resistin-induced expression of CCL3, CCL4, MMP13, and ADAMTS-4 and activated p38-MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways.
CONCLUSIONS:
Resistin binds CAP1 and upregulates the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and matrix-degrading enzymes via p38-MAPK and NF-κB signalling in human chondrocytes.

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