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Impact of concurrent glomerulonephritis on outcomes of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

 

  1. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  2. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  3. Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  4. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  5. Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  6. Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  7. Bronchoscopy and Pulmonary Function Lab, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  8. Center for Biostatistics, Department of Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  9. Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  10. Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  11. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  12. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
  13. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA. lynn.fussner@osumc.edu

CER16989
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PMID: 37976113 [PubMed]

Received: 11/07/2023
Accepted : 11/09/2023
In Press: 17/11/2023

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) commonly presents with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) and/or glomerulonephritis. Patients who present with DAH but without kidney involvement have been understudied.
METHODS:
Patients with DAH diagnosed by bronchoscopy and attributed to AAV over 8.5 years were retrospectively identified through electronic medical records and bronchoscopy reporting software. Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) or prior kidney transplant were excluded. Characteristics, treatments, and outcomes were abstracted.
RESULTS:
30 patients were identified with DAH secondary to AAV. Five with ESKD or prior kidney transplant, and one with concomitant anti-glomerular basement membrane disease, were excluded, leaving 24 patients for analysis. At the time of qualifying bronchoscopy, six patients had no apparent kidney involvement by AAV, while eight of 18 with kidney involvement required dialysis. Of the eight patients dialysed during the initial hospitalisation, four were declared to have ESKD and three died in the subsequent year (one of whom did both). None of the 16 patients without initial dialysis requirement developed kidney involvement requiring dialysis in the subsequent year, though three of the six without initial evidence of kidney involvement by AAV ultimately developed it. No patient without initial kidney involvement died during follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS:
In our cohort, patients with DAH due to AAV without initial kidney involvement did not develop kidney involvement requiring dialysis or die during the follow-up period, though half of patients without initial evidence of kidney involvement subsequently developed it. Larger studies are warranted to better characterise this population and guide medical management.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55563/clinexprheumatol/s9su9e

Rheumatology Article