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Paediatric Rheumatology


Defective FOXP3 expression in patients with acute Kawasaki disease and restoration by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy.

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2010 Vol.28, N°1 ,Suppl.57
PI 0093, PF 0097
Paediatric Rheumatology

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PMID: 20412712 [PubMed]

Received: 11/06/2009
Accepted : 13/10/2009
In Press: 22/04/2010
Published: 22/04/2010


The aims of this study were: 1) to investigate forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) expression in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD), exploring possible differences during the acute phase and after defervescence; 2) to evaluate a possible association of the FOXP3 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 543 (SNP ID: rs2232367) with KD.
FOXP3 expression was evaluated on 8 children with KD and 15 healthy children by flow cytometry and Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). FOXP3 SNP 543 was genotyped by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and sequencing on DNA samples from 58 additional children with KD and 114 healthy donors.
The frequencies of CD4+CD25 +FOXP3+ regulatory T cells were significantly (p=0.0002) lower during the acute phase of KD than in sex- and age-matched healthy donors (median % + SD: 4.8±1.3 vs. 7.7±1.7) and a similar tendency was revealed for FOXP3 mRNA transcripts (p<0.0001). FOXP3 expression increased significantly, at both protein and mRNA levels, after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy treatment and achieving complete remission of disease (at least 48 hrs; median 9.5 days, range 2-30). Of the 58 patients screened, only one female subject (1.7%) carried the presence of 543 SNP in heterozygosis (C>T; for a total of 1 allele out of 88), with no difference between KD patients and controls (0.0%, 0/203 alleles).
Our data reinforce the notion of an impaired immunoregulation in KD, suggesting also a role of IVIG treatment in modifying the Treg compartment. FOXP3 SNP 543 does not seem to be involved in susceptibility to KD in Italian children.

Rheumatology Article