Measurement and evaluation of isotypes of anti-citrullinated fibrinogen and anti-citrullinated alpha-enolase antibodies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
T.L. Moore, B.E. Gilliam, S. Crespo-Pagnussat, L. Feller, A.K. Chauhan
2014 Vol.32, N°5
PI 0740, PF 0746
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PMID: 25068682 [PubMed]
Accepted : 12/03/2014
In Press: 17/07/2014
Our objective was to evaluate sera from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients to investigate the presence of isotypes (IgA, IgG, IgM) of anti-citrullinated fibrinogen and anti-α-enolase antibodies and their association with rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody isotypes.
Sera were obtained from 89 JIA patients and were measured for isotypes (IgA, IgM) of anti-citrullinated and native fibrinogen and anti-α-enolase antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results were compared to anti-CCP antibody isotypes and RF isotypes, in addition to previously measured IgG anti-citrullinated fibrinogen and α-enolase antibodies.
IgA anti-citrullinated fibrinogen antibodies were positive in 20 JIA patients and IgM in 11 JIA patients. Two IgM RF-positive polyarthritis patients were positive for all 3 isotypes of anti-citrullinated fibrinogen antibodies. IgA anti-citrullinated α-enolase antibodies were positive in 7 JIA patients and IgM in 9 JIA patients. IgA and IgG anti-citrullinated fibrinogen antibodies were commonly found in JIA patients positive for IgG anti-CCP antibodies and IgM RF. IgG anti-CCP antibodies and IgM RF levels were significantly higher in JIA patients with 3 or more anti-citrullinated autoantibody isotypes present.
We have shown that isotypes of anti-citrullinated fibrinogen and α-enolase can be found in the serum of children with JIA of all onset types. Citrullinated autoantibody isotype diversity may indicate a more severe disease course in JIA patients.