Takayasu arteritis in a Brazilian multicenter study: children with a longer diagnosis delay than adolescents
G. Clemente, M.O.E. Hilário, H. Lederman, C.A. Silva, A.M. Sallum, L.M. Campos, S. Sacchetti, M.C. Dos Santos, V.P. Ferriani, F. Sztajnbok, R. Gasparello, S. Knupp Oliveira, M. Lessa, B. Bica, A. Cavalcanti, T. Robazzi, M. Bandeira, M.T. Terreri
2014 Vol.32, N°3 ,Suppl.82
PI 0128, PF 0133
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PMID: 24387837 [PubMed]
Accepted : 13/09/2013
In Press: 03/01/2014
To evaluate and compare demographic, clinical, laboratory and angiographic data of Brazilian children and adolescents with Takayasu`s arteritis.
In this Brazilian multicentre, retrospective study which included 10 paediatric rheumatology centres, we identified 71 children and adolescents with Takayasu`s arteritis which were diagnosed before their 19th birthday. The patients` demographic, clinical, laboratorial and angiographic data were recorded. The participants were divided into two groups: children, defined by the WHO as younger than 10 years old (group 1: 36 patients) and adolescents, defined as individuals aged 10 to 19 years old (group 2: 35 patients). Features of both groups concerning disease manifestations were compared.
A total of 21 (58.3%) patients in group 1 and 30 (85.7%) patients in group 2 were girls (p=0.01). The mean age at disease onset, the mean time to diagnosis, and the mean follow-up time were 5.7 and 12.7, 1.8 and 0.7, 7.2 and 3.6 years, respectively, in groups 1 and 2 (p<0.001, 0.001 and <0.001). At initial evaluation, constitutional symptoms (77.5%) were the most predominant symptoms and decreased peripheral pulses (85.9%) was the most predominant clinical sign without differences between groups. The main laboratory findings were increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate followed by leukocytosis. Anaemia, thrombocytosis and higher platelet levels were significantly more frequent in group 1 (p=0.031, 0.001 and 0.018). Angiographic data were similar in both groups.
Children presented more laboratory abnormalities but clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar to those presented by the adolescents. Diagnosis delay is longer in younger patients.