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Anti-TNF-α therapy in the management of severe neurosarcoidosis: a report of five cases from a single centre and literature review


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CER6804
2014 Vol.32, N°2
PI 0275, PF 0284
Review

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PMID: 24321604 [PubMed]

Received: 20/07/2013
Accepted : 08/11/2013
In Press: 09/12/2013
Published: 09/04/2014

Abstract

Neurologic manifestations are found in 5-15 % of patients with sarcoidosis. This granulomatous disease may affect any part of the peripheral or the central nervous system, being potentially severe and difficult to treat. Corticosteroids are the cornerstone of therapy in sarcoidosis. However, some patients become resistant or experience side effects to corticosteroids. In these patients, second line therapies including immunosuppressive drugs such as methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate, cyclophosphamide and leflunomide have been used. Anti-TNF-α drugs have been proposed as a therapeutic option for those who are refractory to immunosuppressive drugs or initially in cases of severe sarcoidosis. We report on 5 patients with neurosarcoidosis treated with anti-TNF-α drugs in our center. A literature review of patients with neurosarcoidosis treated with anti-TNF-α drugs was conducted. In our series successful response to anti-TNF-α therapy was achieved. However, the high frequency of relapses following anti-TNF-α discontinuation makes necessary a close follow-up of these patients when the biologic agent is stopped.

Rheumatology Article