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Correlation of ultrasound B-lines with high-resolution computed tomography in antisynthetase syndrome

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2014 Vol.32, N°3
PI 0404, PF 0407
Brief Papers

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PMID: 24773767 [PubMed]

Received: 22/08/2013
Accepted : 11/12/2013
In Press: 28/04/2014
Published: 26/05/2014


Interstitial lung disease is a common finding in patients with the antisynthetase syndrome. High-resolution computed tomography is the reference test for diagnosis and follow-up of this condition, but it involves considerable radiation exposure. Our aim was to describe chest ultrasound features and its correlation with high-resolution computed tomography findings in a series of patients with the antisynthetase syndrome.
The study included patients from our antisynthetase syndrome cohort with varying degrees of interstitial lung disease, consulting in our outpatient clinic over a 1-year period. Chest high-resolution computed tomography and chest sonography were prospectively performed within a 1-week period. High-resolution computed tomography Warrick score was calculated and chest sonography findings (B-lines) at several sonographic points along the anterior and posterior intercostal spaces were semi-quantitatively analyzed. Rho Spearman statistics were applied for possible correlations.
Twenty-one consecutive patients were studied. A median of 59 thoracic points was studied per patient (IQR 6); 44.1% (95% CI 29.9–60.7) of them showed at least one B-line. A correlation coefficient of 0.135 (p=0.5) was found between the percentage of ultrasound points with B-lines and the Warrick`s score. Only the number of bronchopulmonary segments showing ground glass findings was associated with the percentage of sonographic points with B-lines (Rho=0.5, p=0.02).
A good correlation between the percentage of sonographic points with B-lines and high-resolution computed tomography ground glass opacities was observed in patients with the antisynthetase syndrome.

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