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Paediatric Rheumatology

 

Plasma exchange therapy for severe gastrointestinal involvement of Henoch Schönlein purpura in children


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

 

  1. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  2. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  3. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  4. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  5. Department of Paediatric Haematology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  6. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  7. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  8. Department of Paediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, Ankara Child Health, Haematology, Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

CER7725
2015 Vol.33, N°2 ,Suppl.89
PI 0176, PF 0180
Paediatric Rheumatology

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PMID: 25436762 [PubMed]

Received: 08/07/2014
Accepted : 08/09/2014
In Press: 01/12/2014
Published: 26/05/2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
The aim of this report is to evaluate the plasma exchange as a choice for the management of life-threating gastrointestinal system (GIS) involvement in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) when refractory to conventional therapies.
METHODS:
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of HSP patients who had plasma exchange therapy due to massive GIS involvement. We reported age, gender, initial HSP presentation, etiological or triggering factors and disease course. Treatment modalities, side effects and their outcomes were noted.
RESULTS:
We reported 7 cases of childhood HSP with severe gastrointestinal involvement refractory to common immunosuppression with systemic steroid and cytotoxic therapy. All patients gave inadequate response to pulse methyl prednisolone or oral prednisolone therapy with ongoing GIS bleeding and severe abdominal pain. Therefore, pulse cyclophosphamide was added to the treatment. Two patients received additional intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. Gastrointestinal manifestations continued and plasma exchange was performed. All patients improved after plasma exchange treatment.
CONCLUSIONS:
Treatment of GI involvement in HSP with plasma exchange has been mainly based on case reports. According to our data, we propose that, plasma exchange may be a safe and efficient management choice in paediatric HSP patients with massive GIS involvement that are refractory to other therapies.

Rheumatology Article