The Role of Proteinase 3 (PR3) and the protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) pathway in dendritic cell (DC) maturation of human-DC-like monocytes and murine DC
B. Jiang, E. Grage-Griebenow, E. Csernok, K. Butherus, S. Ehlers, W.L. Gross, J.U. Holle
2010 Vol.28, N°1 ,Suppl.57
PI 0056, PF 0061
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PMID: 20412704 [PubMed]
Accepted : 19/02/2010
In Press: 22/04/2010
The aim of the study was to assess PAR-2 expression on dendritic cell (DC) subsets and other immune cells of Wegener`s granulomatosis (WG) patients and healthy controls (HC) and to investigate whether Proteinase 3 (PR3, a serine protease which can activate PAR2) induces maturation of human DC-like monocytes and murine Flt-3 ligand- and GM-CSF-generated DC.
Human peripheral blood cells including DC subsets and Flt-3l- and GM-CSF-generated mouse DC were analysed for expression of PAR-2 and DC maturation markers by flow cytometry before and after stimulation with PR3, trypsin, PAR-2 agonist or LPS for 24 h.
There was no difference of PAR-2 expression on PMNs, monocytes, lymphocytes and DC between all WG samples and HC. However, in inactive WG, expression of PAR-2 was downregulated on the cell surface of PMNs, monocytes, lymphocytes, and CD11c+DC compared to active WG and HC. PR3 and PAR2-agonists did not induce upregulation of PAR-2 or maturation markers of human DC-like monocytes in WG and HC. Likewise, murine PR3 did not induce upregulation of PAR-2 or maturation markers in murine DC.
PAR-2 expression is downregulated on human peripheral blood cells including CD11c+ DC in inactive WG compared to active WG and HC, possibly reflecting a non-activated status of these cells in inactive disease. PR3 and PAR-2- agonists did not induce maturation of human ex vivo DC-like monocytes in WG and HC and of murine DC, suggesting this pathway is not singularly involved in the maturation of these cell subsets.