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Differences in muscle magnetic resonance imaging findings between anti-signal recognition particle antibody-positive myopathy and anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody-positive myositis


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

 

  1. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  2. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  3. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  4. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  5. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  6. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  7. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  8. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  9. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  10. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  11. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  12. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.
  13. Division of Respirology, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases and Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan. kunihiko_umekita@med.miyazaki-u.ac.jp

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PMID: 37497714 [PubMed]

Received: 15/11/2022
Accepted : 13/03/2023
In Press: 24/07/2023

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
To compare the findings of muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between anti-signal recognition particle antibody-positive myopathy (anti-SRP myopathy) and anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody-positive myositis (anti-ARS myositis).
METHODS:
Of the patients newly diagnosed with polymyositis (PM)/dermatomyositis (DM) and immune-mediated necrotising myopathy (IMNM) admitted to our Department between April 2012 and December 2021, those who met the eligibility criteria of positive for anti-SRP or anti-ARS antibodies and thigh MRI at the time of diagnosis were included. We compared the lesion sites and MRI findings of the thigh muscles that were classified into oedema, fascial oedema, fatty replacement, and muscle atrophy between the three groups of anti-SRP myopathy, anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive myositis, and non-Jo-1 antibody-positive myositis.
RESULTS:
Of the 98 PM/DM and IMNM patients, five anti-SRP myopathy patients and 11 anti-Jo-1-positive and 22 non-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients with myositis were included. The SRP group showed significantly higher blood levels of myogenic enzymes such as serum creatinine kinase (CK) than the other groups (p=0.01). In thigh MRI findings, despite oedema in most cases in anti-SRP and anti-ARS groups, fascial oedema was identified only in the ARS group, frequently in Jo-1 positive patients in particular. Moreover, gluteus maximus muscle lesions occurred more frequently in the SRP group than in the ARS group (p=0.008).
CONCLUSIONS:
A comparison of thigh MRI between anti-SRP myopathy and anti-ARS myositis showed different findings and lesion sites reflecting the different pathophysiology that may contribute to their diagnosis.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55563/clinexprheumatol/fjfkfs

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